LEGAL REGULATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS’ FUNCTIONING WITHIN THE SCHENGEN AREA

Н. Б. Мушак

Abstract


The article investigates the legal regulation of cross-border information systems that operate within the Schengen area. These information systems are the Schengen Information System, Visa Information System and the European Travel Information and Authorisation System.

The information systems provide the opportunity of free access to the database of border and law enforcement authorities of the Schengen area member states. These authorities are able to quick and efficient collaboration as well as in interaction in support of national security, public order and effective fight against organized crime, border-crossing of illegal immigrants, drug trafficking etc.

The article defines that in addition to cooperation between the competent and relevant authorities of the Schengen area member states the information systems are to be the instruments of the freedom of movement of persons, contributing at the same time of public order and national security of each of the European countries.

The article analyses the main tasks and purposes of a new European travel information and authorization system. In particular, the system concerns those countries that have already signed agreements on visa-free regime with the EU. In practice, it means that the citizens of "visa-free" countries will be able to travel to the Schengen area member states without a visa, but they are required to be authorized through this system before the trip.

The research also analyzes the regulations of the European Union, western and national doctrine in respect of the operation of cross-border information systems within the Schengen area.


References


Список використаних джерел

Peers S. EU Justice and Home Affairs Law / Steve Peers. – 3rd ed. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. – 983 p.

Fisher R. The Europeanization of Migration policy. The Schengen Acquis between the Priorities of Legal Harmonization and Fragmentation / Robert Fisher. – Peter Lang: Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften, 2016. – 321 p.

Karanja S. Transparency and Proportionality in the Schengen Information System and Border Control Cooperation / Stephen Kabera Karanja. – Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008. – 459 p.

Dumortie J. Recent Developments in Data Privacy Law / Jos Dumortie. - Leuven: Leuven university press, 1992. – 217 p.

Commission Decision 2008/333/ JHA of 4 March 2008 adopting the SIRENE Manual and other implementing measures for the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32008D0333

Council Decision of 1 December 2000 on the application of the Schengen acquis in Denmark, Finland and Sweden, and in Iceland and Norway (2000/777/EC) [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32000D0777.

Council Decision 2007/533/JHA of 12 June 2007 on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) [Електронний ресурс] // Official Journal of the European Union, L 205, 7.8.2007. – Режим доступу: http://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.C_.2014.430.01.0001.01.ENG.

Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime [Електронний ресурс] // Official Journal of the European Union, L 210/1. – Режим доступу: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:210:0001:0011:EN:PDF.

Council Decision of 8 June 2004 establishing the Visa Information System (VIS) (2004/512/EC) [Електронний ресурс] // Official Journal of the European Union. – L 213/5, 15.6.2004. – Режим доступу: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32004D0512.

Regulation (EC) No 767/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 concerning the Visa Information System (VIS) and the exchange of data between Member States on short-stay visas (VIS Regulation), 13.8.2008 [Електронний ресурс] // Official Journal of the European Union, L 218/60. – Режим доступу : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/Lex-UriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:218:0060:0081:EN:PDF.

Commission Decision 2010/260/EU of 4 May 2010 on the Security Plan for the operation of the Visa Information System [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/;ELX_SESSIONID=kNTyJDJd3LmjTppL7kMlbYCKR0srkzVRy2S7MmTzsnwbdLJJj23N!1535445908?uri=CELEX:32010D0260.

Commission Decision EU on Visa Information System launched in the Eastern Partnership countries, including Ukraine on 23 June 23, 2015 [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/enp-regional-report-eastern_partnership_en.pdf.

European Commission.Press release. Security Union: Commission proposes a European Travel Information and Authorisation System, Brussels, 16 November 2016. [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-3674_en.htm.

References

Peers S. EU Justice and Home Affairs Law / Steve Peers. – 3rd ed. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. – 983 p.

Fisher R. The Europeanization of Migration policy. The Schengen Acquis between the Priorities of Legal Harmonization and Fragmentation / Robert Fisher. – Peter Lang: Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften, 2016. – 321 p.

Karanja S. Transparency and Proportionality in the Schengen Information System and Border Control Cooperation / Stephen Kabera Karanja. – Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008. – 459 p.

Dumortie J. Recent Developments in Data Privacy Law / Jos Dumortie. – Leuven: Leuven university press,1992. – 217 p.

Commission Decision 2008/333 / JHA of 4 March 2008 adopting the SIRENE Manual and other implementing measures for the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II). Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32008D0333.

Council Decision of 1 December 2000 on the application of the Schengen acquis in Denmark, Finland and Sweden, and in Iceland and Norway (2000/777 / EC). Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32000D0777.

Council Decision 2007/533 / JHA of 12 June 2007 on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) // Official Journal of the European Union, L 205, 08.07.2007. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.C_.2014.430.01.0001.01.ENG.

Council Decision 2008/615 / JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime // Official Journal of the European Union, L 210/1. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:210:0001:0011:EN:PDF

Council Decision of 8 June 2004 establishing the Visa Information System (VIS) (2004/512/ EC). Official Journal of the European Union. L 213/5, 15.6.2004. Available at: http://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32004D0512.

Regulation (EC) No 767/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 concerning the Visa Information System (VIS) and the exchange of data between Member States on short-stay visas (VIS Regulation), 13.8. 2008 // Official Journal of the European Union, L 218/60. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:218:0060:0081:EN:PDF

Commission Decision 2010/260 / EU of 4 May 2010 on the Security Plan for the operation of the Visa Information System. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ EN/ALL/;ELX_SESSIONID=kNTyJDJd3LmjTppL7kMlbYCKR0srkzVRy2S7MmTzsnwbdLJJj23N!1535445908?uri=CELEX:32010D0260.

Commission Decision EU on Visa Information System launched in the Eastern Partnership countries, including Ukraine on 23 June 23, 2015. – Available at: https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/enp-regional-report-eastern_partnership_en.pdf.

European Commission.Press release. Security Union: Commission proposes a European Travel Information and Authorisation System, Brussels, 16 November 2016. Available at: http: //europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-3674_en.htm.


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