THE ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AS THE INSTRUMENT OF FOREIGN POLICY
The article surveys the definitional issues of the economic sanctions in the international relations theory. It opens with a review of the conceptual background of the economic sanctions through the prism of the methodological approaches of political realism, liberalism and constructivism and then goes on to explore the variables of the efficiency of economic sanctions as foreign policy tool. In conclusion, we discuss the suggestions for perspectives of further research and development of economic sanctions in the foreign policy analysis.
Galtung J. (1967) ‘On the Effects of International Economic Sanctions. With Examples from the Case of Rhodesia’, World Politics, Vol. 19, No. 3, P. 378–416.
Drezner D. (1999) ‘The Sanctions Paradox. Economic Statecraft and International Relations’ 342 p.
Galaka S. (2003) ‘PolitykaSShA v galuzi yadernoho nerozpovsudzhenja na pochatku 1990-tyh rokiv’ [US nonproliferation policy at the beginning of the 1990s], Visnyk Kyivskoho nazionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka. Mizhnarodni vydnosyny 27, P. 185–188.
Pakhil V. (2000) ‘Problemasankciy v diyalnosti OON’ [Problem of sanctions in the UN activity], Dissertacija kand. nauk. Kyivskiy nazionalnyi universytet imeni Tarasa Shevchenka, 198 p.
Romanenko S. (2001) ‘Problema sankciyu zovnishniy polityci SShA (1990-2000 roky)’ [Problem of sanctionsin the US Foreign Policy (1990–2000 years)], Dissertacija kand. nauk. Kyivskiy nazionalnyi universytet imeni Tarasa Shevchenka, 216 p.
Doxey M. (1971) ‘Economic Sanctions and International Enforcement’, 162 p.
Haass R. (1998) ‘Economic Sanctions and American Diplomacy’, 222 p.
Selden Z. (1999) ‘Economic Sanctions as Instruments of American Foreign Policy’, 147 p.
Taylor B. (2010) ‘Sanctions as Grand Strategy’, 123 р.
Weintraub S. (1982) ‘Economic Coercion and US Foreign Policy: Implications of Case Studies from the Johnson Administration’, 234 р.
Ellings, R. J. (1999) ‘The End of Economic Sanctions?’ in Private Property and National Security: Foreign Economic Sanctions and the Constitution. R. J. Ellings, H. Gregorian, M. Leigh and J. A. Swindler. Washington, DC, The National Legal Center for the Public Interest, P. 15–29.
Economic Sanctions Panacea or Peacebuilding in a Post-Cold War World? (1998), 231 p.
Crawford N., Klotz A. (1999) ‘How Sanctions Work: Lessons from South Africa’, 292 p.
Blanchard J., Ripsman N. (2000) ‘Asking the Right Question: When Do Economic Sanctions Work Best?’, Security Studies, Winter, P. 219–253.
Shambaugh G. E. (1999) ‘States, Firms, and Power: Successful Sanctions in United States Foreign Policy’ 248 p.
Rennack D. E. (2000) ‘Economic Sanctions: Legislation in the 106th Congress. Congressional Research Service Reports’. Available at:
O’Sullivan M. (2003) ‘Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism’, 424 р.
Pape R. (1997) ‘Why Economic Sanctions Do Not Work’, International Security, Vol. 22, Fall, Р. 90–136.
Hufbauer G., Schott J., Elliot K. (1985) ‘Economic Sanctions Reconsidered: History and Current Policy’, 798 p.
Barber J. (1979) ‘Economic Sanctions as a Policy Instrument’, International Affairs, No 55 (July), Р. 367–384.
Sedliar Y. A. (2013) ‘Strategia ekonomicheskih sankciy v mezhdunarodno-politicheskoinauke’ [Strategy of economic sanctions in the international political science], Voprosypolitologii 4, P. 67–78.
Askari H. (2003) ‘Economic Sanctions: Examining Their Philosophy and Efficacy’, 223 р.
Wright Q. A. (1965) ‘Study of War’ 1637 p.
Charron A. (2011) ‘UN Sanctions and Conflict. Responding to Peace and Security Threats’, 226 p.
Daoudi M., Dajani M. (1983) ‘Economic Sanctions: Ideals and Experience’, 263 p.
Nossal K. (1989) ‘International Sanctions as International Punishment’, International Organization, No. 43 (2), Р. 301–322.
Wolfers A. (1962) ‘Discord and Collaboration: Essays on International Politics’, 283 p.
Koga Y. (2005) Constructivist Approach of International Sanctions: Realism, Liberalism, Cosmopolitanism, and Hegemonism / Y. Koga PhD candidate, Department of Political Science University of Pittsburgh. Paper prepared for presentation at the Istanbul International Conference (Istanbul, Turkey, August 24–27, 2005). – 85 р. Available at:
Wendt A. (1999) ‘Social Theory of International Politics’ 429 p.
Drezner D. (2000) ‘Bargaining, Enforcement, an Multilateral Sanctions: When is Cooperation Counterproductive?’, International Organization, Winter, Р. 73–102.
Portela С. (2010) ‘EU Sanctions and Foreign Policy. When and why do they work?’, 206 р.
- There are currently no refbacks.