PRINCIPLES AND INSTRUMENTS OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
The article analyses main principles and mechanism of international environmental policy of the different economic levels. Particularly is evaluated the role of United Nations, European Union and national states in framework of sustainable concept of economic development and Millennium development goals. Are used market-based instruments such as taxes, subsidies and certificates, quantitative methods of regulation; government spending on public goods, environmental investments (e.g. water pollution) and planning environmental education etc. Among the institutional instruments of the international environmental policy are first of all three types of international agreements depending of deploying of situation in global environment. The focus of main environmental problems, according to the OECD / Eurostat classification, include air pollution control, water management, solid waste management, soil remediation and purification, noise reduction and vibration, environmental research and development, environmental commitments and engineering, analytical services, data processing, analysis and evaluation, education, training, and information.
Key words: international environmental policy, sustainable development, principles, instruments, agreement, ecological goods.
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