БАХРЕЙН: ЯК ВИЖИТИ НА РОЗДОРІЖЖІ МІЖ САУДІВСЬКОЮ АРАВІЄЮ ТА ІРАНОМ?

П. Ігнатьєв

Анотація




Саудівська Аравія та Іран намагаються поширити вплив на близькосхідний регіон, що дедалі більше поглиблює
протиріччя між місцевими сунітами та шиїтами. США, які відкрито підтримують консервативне королівство, роб-
лять послідовні кроки, щоб ізолювати Іран і оточити його cвоїми регіональними військовими базами. У центрі про-
тистояння опинився незначний за територією та чисельністю населення Бахрейн, який має велику шиїтську общи-
ну, але керується консервативною сунітською родиною Каліфа. Ця країна потерпала через події Арабської весни
2011 року, заворушення шиїтів у 2016 році, періодичне зменшення цін на нафту на світовому ринку, тому їй доводило-
ся шукати вихід із нестабільної ситуації. У статті робиться спроба з'ясувати, на яких союзників у протистоянні з
Іраном покладається Бахрейн, як вони сприяють економічному розвитку королівства і які заходи з диверсифікації
економіки здійснює його політична еліта, щоб не допустити тотальної залежності від Саудівської Аравії та заспоко-
їти місцеве населення.
Ключові слова: Бахрейн, Саудівська Аравія, Іран, США, туризм, промисловість, авіаперевезення.


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